Eating the Paleo way is not about becoming a caveman! In Optimum Health the Paleo Way, Paleo nutritionist Claire Yates explains clearly why unhealthiness is on the increase and how the Paleo lifestyle not diet can help. Claire sets out the key aspects of the Paleo lifestyle, including the importance of food as medicine, and the truth about fats, carbs, protein, and fiber. She then takes you through the day reset meal plan before including more than delicious Paleo recipes that will get you feeling great while eating some of the tastiest food of your life! Optimum Health the Paleo Way will help you: Boost your energy.
Eliminate sugar cravings. Reduce your use of processed foods. Find your ideal weight. Develop an eating plan that works for you. Sleep better and feel great! Mark Hyman. A revolutionary new diet program based on the latest science showing the importance of fat in weight loss and overall health, from 1 bestselling author Dr. Many of us have long been told that fat makes us fat, contributes to heart disease, and generally erodes our health. Now a growing body of research is debunking our fat-phobia, revealing the immense health and weight-loss benefits of a high-fat diet rich in eggs, nuts, oils, avocados, and other delicious super-foods.
In his new book, bestselling author Dr. Living Paleo For Dummies. Melissa Joulwan. A fun and practical guide for adopting Paleo diet principles into your daily life The human body survived for more than 2 million years with the food found in nature: game meat, fish, vegetables, wild fruits, eggs, and nuts. The details of eating the foods that our bodies were designed to eat A complete introductory plan to kick start the Paleo journey Tricks to save on the food bill while adhering to a primal meal plan Living Paleo For Dummies is for anyone looking for a fun and informative guide that simplifies the complexities of the Paleo Diet while outlining and explaining the science behind the benefits.
Rockridge Press. The Paleo diet is not just another fad diet; it is the diet humans were designed to eat. Also known as the Primal diet, the Caveman diet and the Stone Age diet, it has been around for as long as men and women have roamed the earth. Eat Fat Get Thin! Barry Groves. Do you like the idea of bacon and eggs for breakfast? Would you enjoy a lunch of roast salmon and a satisfying dinner accompanied by wine? Similar ebooks. Loved for its simplicity, health benefits, and because it really works, the diet has been widely imitated since its release.
Yet no one knows this plan better than Loren Cordain, its creator. As an expert in evolutionary medicine, Cordain realized we had moved away from the foods we were designed to eat—lean proteins, fruits, and vegetables—while modern staples such as sugar, salt, and carbohydrates were creating a host of 21st-century health issues, including obesity and heart disease. By eating the right food, people are healthier. But can eating Paleo be tasty?
In this all-new cookbook with recipes and 75 photos, Cordain makes eating Paleo a pleasure, not a burden. This is the book the Paleo community has been waiting for—scientific accuracy combined with great taste. In the early Iron Age, grain was threshed to remove it from the stalks by beating it with sticks or by oxen treading on it. This usually broke most of the grain kernels , which limited their storage time because broken kernels spoil more quickly than unbroken ones.
The development of the threshing-board , which was pulled over the stalks by oxen, left most of the grain kernels intact and enhanced their storage time. Numerous threshing floors and threshing boards have been discovered at archaeological sites of ancient Israel. Once separated from the stalks, the grain was used in a number of ways: Most simply, unripe kernels of grain were eaten fresh, particularly in the spring, before ripe grain was available, and both unripe and ripe grain was roasted over fire for immediate use.
Ripe grains of wheat were also parboiled and dried, like modern bulgur , and then prepared as porridge. Whole or cracked grain was also used to make gruel and in stews. Most frequently, grains were ground into flour to prepare bread. Bread was the main source of nourishment in biblical times and making bread was a daily activity: . Bread making began with the milling of the grain. It was a difficult and time-consuming task, performed by women. Each household stored its own grain, and it is estimated that it required at least three hours of daily effort to produce enough flour to make sufficient bread for a family of five.
The earliest milling was performed with a pestle and mortar , or a stone quern consisting of a large lower stone that held the grain and a smooth upper stone that was moved back and forth over the grains Numbers This often left small pieces of grit in the flour. The use of the millstone became more widespread during the Iron Age, resulting in greater speed and increased production of flour. Smaller versions for household use, the rotary or beehive quern , appeared during the early Persian period. After the grain was milled into flour, it was mixed with water and kneaded in a large trough.
For dough made with wheat flour, starter , called seor , was added. The starter was prepared by reserving a small portion of dough from a previous batch to absorb the yeasts in the air and thus help leaven the new dough. Seor thus gave the bread a sourdough flavor. Initially, the dough was placed directly on the heated stones of a cooking fire or in a griddle or pan made of clay or iron Leviticus In the time of the First Temple , two types of oven were used for baking bread: the jar oven and the pit-oven.
The jar-oven was a large pottery container, narrowing into an opening toward the top; fuel was burned on the inside to heat it and the dough was pressed against the outside to bake. The pit-oven was a clay-lined excavation in the ground in which the fuel was burned and then pushed aside, and the loaves were baked on the heated surface. The Persians introduced a clay oven called a tanur similar to the Indian tandoor , which had an opening at the bottom for the fire, and through which the bread was placed to be baked on the inner wall of the upper chamber from the heat of the oven and ashes after the flames had died down.
This continued to be the way in which Yemenite Jews baked bread until modern times. The remains of clay ovens, and fragments of bread trays have been found in several archaeological excavations. All these methods produced only quite thin loaves and the custom was thus to break bread rather than cut it. The bread was soft and pliable and used for dipping and sopping up gravies and juices. The Romans introduced an oven called a "furn" "purni" in Talmudic Aramaic , a large, wood-burning, stone-lined oven with a bottom on which the dough or baking sheet was placed.
This provided a major advance in bread and pastry baking, and made the baking of much thicker loaves possible. A variety of breads were produced. Probably most common were unleavened flat loaves called ugah or kikkar. A thicker loaf, known as hallah was made with the best quality flour, usually for ritual purposes. Bread was sometimes enriched by the addition of flour from legumes Ezekiel The Mishna Hallah mentions bread dough made with fruit juice instead of water.
The sugar in the juice , interacting with the flour and water, provided some leavening and sweetened the bread. After grain, legumes such as lentils , broad or fava beans , chickpeas and peas were the main element in the diet and were the main source of protein , since meat was rarely eaten.
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Broad beans, chickpeas and lentils are the only legumes mentioned in the Bible but lentils, broad beans, chickpeas, fenugreek , field peas and bitter vetch have been found at Iron Age Israelite sites. By the Roman period, legumes are mentioned frequently in other texts. Lentils were the most important of the legumes and were used to make pottages and soups, as well as cakes made from ground roasted lentils pressed and fried in oil and called ashishim similar to Arabic felafel , such as those that King David is described as distributing to the people when the Ark of the Covenant was brought to Jerusalem.
Stews made of lentils or beans were common and they were cooked with onion, garlic and leeks for flavor. Fresh legumes were also roasted, or dried and stored for extended periods. They were then cooked in a soup or a stew. The Bible mentions roasted legumes 2 Samuel , and relates how Jacob prepared bread and a pottage of lentils for Esau Genesis — Vegetables are not found often in the archaeological record and it is difficult to determine the role that they played, because plant foods were often eaten raw or were simply boiled, without requiring special equipment for preparation, and thus barely leaving any trace other than the type of food itself.
More people may have gathered wild plants during famine conditions. Vegetables that were commonly eaten included leeks , garlic and onions , black radishes , net or muskmelons sometimes misidentified as the cucumber and watermelons. Field greens and root plants were generally not cultivated and were gathered seasonally when they grew in the wild. Leeks, onions and garlic were eaten both cooked in stews, and uncooked with bread, and their popularity may be indicated by the observation in the Bible that they are among the foods that the Israelites yearned for after leaving Egypt.
Black radishes were also eaten raw when in season during the autumn and winter. The Talmud mentions the use of radish seeds to produce oil, and considered eating radishes to have health benefits. Wild herbs were collected and were eaten uncooked or cooked. These are known to have included garden rocket and mallow  and both leaf chicory and endive. Wild lettuce , known as chazeret , was a leafy herb with prickly, red tinged leaves that became bitter as they matured. It was cultivated from around BCE. Sweeter head-lettuce was only developed and introduced by the Romans.
Bitter herbs eaten at the Passover sacrifice with the unleavened bread, matza , were known as merorim. Mushrooms , especially of the Boletus type, were gathered in many areas, particularly when plentiful after a major rainfall.
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The Talmud mentions mushrooms in connection with their exemption from tithes and as a dessert at the Passover seder. Sesame seeds were used in the preparation of oil , or were eaten dry, or were added to dishes such as stews as a flavoring; the leftovers after pressing out the oil were eaten in a cake form. Sesame is not mentioned in the Bible, but the Mishna lists sesame oil as suitable for lighting the Sabbath lights, and the oil was also used for frying.
Fruit was an important source of food for the Israelites, particularly grapes, olives and figs. Grapes were grown mostly for wine, although some were eaten fresh at harvest time, or dried as raisins for storage while olives were grown exclusively for their oil, until the Roman period. Other fruits that were eaten were the date, pomegranate and sycamore fig.
The ancient Israelites built terraces of leveled areas in the hill country for planting a variety of crops, including grains, vegetables and fruit trees. Fruit was also processed for later use in a variety of ways: Fruit with high sugar content was fermented to make alcoholic beverages; grapes were most commonly used for this. Fruit was also boiled down into thick, sweet syrup, referred to in the Bible as dvash honey. Grapes, figs, dates and apricots were also dried and preserved individually or put on a string or pressed into cakes.
Since dried fruit are an efficient source of energy, they were prepared as provisions for journeys and long marches. Olive oil was used for not only as food and for cooking, but also for lighting, sacrificial offerings, ointment, and anointment for priestly or royal office. Although olives were used to produce oil from the Bronze Age, it was only by the Roman period that the techniques were introduced to cure olives in lye and then brine to remove their natural bitterness and make them edible as a food.
Olives were harvested in the late summer and were processed for oil by crushing the olives, pressing the mash and separating the oil from the flesh. In the early Iron Age period, this was done by treading the olives in basins cut into rock, or with a mortar or stone on a flat slab. In the later Iron Age period, the introduction of the beam press made large scale processing possible. The discovery of many ancient olive presses in various locations indicates that olive oil production was highly developed in ancient Israel.
The oil production center dating from the 7th century BCE discovered at Ekron , a Philistine city, has over one hundred large olive oil presses, and is the most complete olive oil production center from ancient times to be discovered.
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It indicates that ancient Israel was a major producer of olive oil for its residents as well as for other parts of the ancient Near East , such as Egypt and especially Mesopotamia. Archaeological remains at Masada and other sites indicate that the most common olive cultivar was the indigenous Nabali , followed by the Souri.
In Roman times, other olive cultivars were imported from Syria and Egypt. There is also some written information about olive oil. The Bible describes its use in relation to certain sacrifices in which olive oil is used for example, Leviticus —14 , Leviticus — Olive oil is also mentioned on the Samaria and Arad ostraca. The consumption of olive oil varied with social class — it was less available to the poor, but it may have become more available later in the Israelite period as the means of production improved and became more widespread.
Grapes are another of the biblical Seven Species and were used mainly for the production of wine , although they were also eaten fresh and dried. Grapes were dried in the sun to produce raisins , which could then be stored for a long time. Raisins were also pressed into clusters and dried as cakes, which kept the interior raisins softer. Grapes were also used to produce a thick, honey-like liquid, called grape honey dvash anavim that was used as a sweetener. Grape honey was made by treading the grapes in vats, but instead of fermenting the liquid produced, it was boiled to evaporate the water content, leaving behind the thick grape-honey syrup.
Figs were an important source of food. Figs were cultivated throughout the land of Israel and fresh or dried figs were part of the daily diet. A common way of preparing dried figs was to chop them and press them into a cake. Figs are one of the biblical Seven Species and are frequently mentioned in the Bible for example, 1 Samuel , 1 Samuel and 1 Chronicles The fig tree ficus carica grew well in the hill country and produced two crops a season.
Early ripening figs were regarded as delicacy because of their sweetness and were eaten fresh. Figs ripening in the later harvest were often dried and strung into a chain, or pressed into hard round or square-shaped cakes called a develah , and stored as a major source of winter food.
The blocks of dried fig were sliced and eaten like bread. This syrup was prepared by soaking the dates in water for some time until they disintegrated and then boiling the resulting liquid down into thick syrup. Fresh, ripe dates were available from the mid- to late-summer. Some were sun-dried and pressed into blocks to dry completely, and then used throughout the year, especially as food for travelers. The date palm required a hot and dry climate and mostly grew and produced fruit in the Jordan Rift Valley , from Jericho to the Sea of Galilee.
Pomegranates were usually eaten fresh, although occasionally they were used to make juice or wine, or sun-dried for use when the fresh fruit was out of season. They probably played a minor part in Israelite cuisine, but were symbolically important, as adornments on the hem of the robe of the high priest and the Temple pillars , and embossed on coinage, and are also listed in the Bible as one of the Seven Species of the Land of Israel. Fruit, such as the sycamore fig, carob, mulberry, and possibly the apple were also eaten.
The sycamore fig ficus sycamorus was very common in the warmer parts of Israel and was grown primarily for its wood, but it provided a steady supply of small figs, eaten mainly by the poor. Other native trees producing fruits included the carob , which was probably popular due to its sweet taste, and the black mulberry.
Almonds , walnuts and pistachios were eaten and are mentioned in the Bible. Almonds and pistachios were probably eaten primarily by the wealthy. Walnuts became common during the Second Temple period and so widespread that the word for walnut, egoz , became the generic Hebrew word for nut at that time. The Israelites usually drank water drawn from wells , cisterns or rivers. They also drank milk for example, as mentioned in the Bible in Judges , often in the form of sour milk , thin yogurt or whey , when it was available in the spring and summer.
They drank fresh juices from fruits in season as well. Usually, wine was made from grapes for everyday use, as well as for rituals, such as sacrificial libations.
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Less often, wine was made from pomegranates and dates. The Mediterranean climate and soil of the mountainous areas of the area are well suited to viticulture , and both archaeological evidence and written records indicate the significant cultivation of grapes in ancient Israel and the popularity of wine-drinking. The production capacity apparent from archaeological remains and the frequent biblical references to wine suggest that it was the principal alcoholic beverage of the ancient Israelites. Based on the remains of wine production facilities and storage rooms, it has been estimated that on average, people could have consumed one liter of wine per person per day.
Many rock-hewn winepresses and vats, dating to the biblical period, have been found. One typical example at Gibeon has a wide surface for treading the grapes and a series of collecting vats. Archaeological finds at Ashkelon and Gibeon indicate large-scale wine production in the 8th and 7th centuries BCE, which most likely developed to supply the Assyrian empire , and then the Babylonians , as well as the local population. Vineyards are mentioned many times in the Bible, including in detailed descriptions of the method for establishing a vineyard Isaiah —2 and the types of vines Ezekiel —8.
Another indication of the importance of wine in ancient Israel is that Hebrew contains numerous terms for various stages and types of vines, grape varieties and words for wine. The word yayin was used both as a generic word for wine and as a term for wine in its first year, once it had undergone sufficient fermentation from the initial stage, when it was called tirosh.
The often coarse and unrefined taste of ancient wine was adjusted to make it more drinkable. Spices were added directly to the wine to improve the aroma , and other ingredients, such as honey, pepper, herbs and even lime , resin or seawater were added to improve the flavor or disguise a poor-tasting wine.
Wine was also sweetened by the addition of grape juice syrup. This also had the beneficial effect of lowering the bacteria content of the water. After the grape harvest in mid-summer, most grapes were taken to wine presses to extract their juice for winemaking. Once fermented, wine was transferred to wineskins or large amphorae for storage. Amphorae made long term storage possible, especially in caves or cool cellars. Glass bottles were introduced only in the 1st century CE by the Romans.
The insides of amphorae were often coated with a preservative resin, such as from the terebinth , and this imparted a pine flavor and aroma to the wine. Before the jars were sealed with pitch , they were filled completely and often topped with a thin layer of olive oil to prevent spoilage due to exposure to air.
During the Greek period , the style of winemaking changed. Ripe grapes were first dried to concentrate the sugars , and these then produced a much sweeter and higher alcohol content wine that needed to be diluted with water to be drinkable.
Before this, watered-down wine was disparaged, but by the time of the Talmud, wine that did not require dilution with water was considered unfit for consumption. Beer , produced by brewing barley, was another alcoholic beverage common in the ancient Near East. Beer was the primary beverage of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia and it can be assumed that in Israel, which is located between the two, beer was also known. The biblical term sekhar may refer to beer or to alcoholic drinks in general. The production of bread and beer were closely linked, since barley was the same key ingredient used for both, and most of the tools used in beer production, such as mortars, querns and winnowing baskets were also the same as for bread making.
Archaeological evidence specific to beer making is thus uncommon, and earlier indications were that the ancient Israelites did not often drink beer. More recently, Iron Age sites in Israel have produced remains such as beer jugs, bottles, strainers and stoppers, all of which provide evidence that the Israelites drank beer. The Israelites usually ate meat from domesticated goats and sheep.
Fat-tailed sheep were the predominant variety of sheep in ancient Israel but as sheep were valued more than goats, they were eaten less often. The fat of the tail was considered a delicacy . Beef and venison were eaten primarily by the elites, and fattened calves provided veal for the wealthy for example, as mentioned in the Bible, Amos Redeem your points Conditions for uk nectar points - opens in a new window or tab. No additional import charges on delivery.
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Report item - opens in a new window or tab. Description Postage and payments. Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. Item specifics Condition: New: A new, unread, unused book in perfect condition with no missing or damaged pages. See the seller's listing for full details. See all condition definitions — opens in a new window or tab Read more about the condition. Starting a new diet can be hard, but learning how to eat your true diet is easy. The Paleo diet is not just another fad diet; it is the diet humans were designed to eat.
Also known as the Primal diet, the Caveman diet and the Stone Age diet, the Paleo diet has been around for as long as men and women have roamed the earth. The Paleo Diet for Brits is a comprehensive guide to embracing the Paleo lifestyle.